As Menelaus tells Telemachus in Book 4, it was Odysseus' legendary ruse of the Trojan horse that led to the defeat of Troy. Even when Athena intervenes on his behalf, she often leaves ultimate success or failure up to Odysseus. He prays to Poseidon, and the god brings him to a safe place to climb ashore.
His men prefer to stay, leading to a defeat at the hands of reinforcements. He is, in every way, "the man of twists and turns" 1.
Calypso's tirade about the divine double standard shows that Mount Olympus is ruled by jealousies, passions, squabbles, power-struggles, and hierarchies, just like the earth below. Poseidon might have resented her intervention, but he accepts it placidly.
Certainly Odysseus does grow in wisdom and judgment throughout his ventures. Critics have noted the effects of many of the epic similes: With these words the Odyssey begins. Penelope comes down from her chambers and asks the bard entertaining the suitors to stop singing about the Achaeans' journey home, because the song brings her too much grief.
The suitors dishonor the house by insulting Penelope and stealing Odysseus's property, so Telemachus feels that it's his duty to stop them: When it proves effective, Odysseus lies even to his own familycheats, or steals in ways that we would not expect in an epic hero.
While the epic similes in the Odyssey are generally inferior to and less frequent than those found in the Iliadthere are some that offer crisp images that have a powerful effect on the surrounding narrative.
Though intriguing, we should remember that the performance of oral poetry played a much greater role in pre- or semiliterate cultures like the Greek world of the Iliad and the Odyssey than it does today or did even in the later, classical period of Greek history.
I myself know that all you say is true and that circumspect Penelope can never match the impression you make for beauty and stature.
Or does Athena magically grant him increased strength and confidence? Odysseus and Calypso share an exquisite meal. Finally Odysseus asks if an old beggar might attempt the feat. Odysseus orders Telemachus to lock up all weapons except a few that are to be used by his own party; the women servants are to be locked in their quarters.
His conversation with Athena invigorates him, but in what way? Their careless behavior has sometimes angered the gods, who have prevented their safe return to Ithaca. The most notable example being his difficulty in controlling his men.
This interpretation, which seems to be the origin of the belief that Homer was blind, suggests that Homer inserts himself into his own story. Their brash refusal to change course is a fine example of "hubris," the Greek word for pride.
Reconciled to the great leader, Circe told the hero that he could not get home without first consulting the shade of Teiresias, the blind Theban prophet. Then they were blown by an ill wind to the land of the Lotus-eaters, where Odysseus had difficulty in getting his men to leave a slothful life of ease.
She advises him to abandon both the raft and the weighty clothing that Calypso had given him as a parting gift. Active Themes After Telemachus has given Athena a proper welcome, she tells Telemachus that Odysseus is still alive, and that he is held captive on a faraway island.
Ironically, for all of his poise, Odysseus cannot remain at peace even when he finds himself outside the direct influence of the wrath of various gods. This entreaty to the gods and councillors wouldn't be necessary if Telemachus had control of the situation, and in emphasizing the fact that he doesn't, Homer makes it all too clear that Telemachus can't live up to his father.The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Below is a free excerpt of "Analysis of Homer's Odyssey" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Write a critical analysis in no more than words on the passage from Homer’s Odyssey.
One neat fast: The Odyssey is so famous that the word "odyssey" has come to What’s Up With the Ending? For a long time, some readers have felt that the ending of the Odyssey smells a little fishy.
Analysis. Throughout the epic, Homer casually reveals upcoming events in a way that confirms the theory that the audience is already familiar with the plot.
He does so again early in Book 5 ( ff) when he speaks of Odysseus' future while giving orders to Hermes. The poet's talent is shown in the manner in which he spins the yarn.
One of his favorite devices is rhetoric, effective manipulation of language. The Odyssey Book 5 Summary and Analysis Homer.
Homework Help. Book 5 Summary and Analysis print Print; the protagonist in Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey.
(Click the infographic to download.) Along with Homer's Iliad, The Odyssey is one of ancient Greece's two great epics. (Actually, they sort of defined what an epic was in the first place.).Download